The Forbidden City was the Chinese imperial palace from the Ming dynasty to the end of the Qing dynasty. It is located in the center of Beijing, China, and now houses the Palace Museum. It served as the home of emperors and their households as well as the ceremonial and political center of Chinese government for almost 500 years.
Built in 1406 to 1420, the complex consists of 980 buildings and covers 72 ha (180 acres).The palace complex exemplifies traditional Chinese palatial architecture, and has influenced cultural and architectural developments in East Asia and elsewhere. The Forbidden City was declared a World Heritage Site in 1987, and is listed by UNESCO as the largest collection of preserved ancient wooden structures in the world.
Since 1925, the Forbidden City has been under the charge of the Palace Museum, whose extensive collection of artwork and artifacts were built upon the imperial collections of the Ming and Qing dynasties. Part of the museum's former collection is now located in the National Palace Museum in Taipei. Both museums descend from the same institution, but were split after the Chinese Civil War.
Temple of Heaven
The Temple of Heaven,literally the Altar of Heaven (Chinese: 天坛; pinyin: Tiāntán;), is a complex of religious buildings situated in the southeastern part of central Beijing. The complex was visited by the Emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties for annual ceremonies of prayer to Heaven for good harvest. It has been regarded as a Daoist temple, although Chinese heaven worship, especially by the reigning monarch of the day, predates Daoism.
Great Wall of China
The Great Wall of China is a series of fortifications made of stone, brick, tamped earth, wood, and other materials, generally built along an east-to-west line across the historical northern borders of China to protect the Chinese states and empires against the raids and invasions of the various nomadic groups of the Eurasian Steppe. Several walls were being built as early as the 7th century BC; these, later joined together and made bigger and stronger, are now collectively referred to as the Great Wall. Especially famous is the wall built 220–206 BC by Qin Shihuang, the First Emperor of China. Little of that wall remains. Since then, the Great Wall has on and off been rebuilt, maintained, and enhanced; the majority of the existing wall is from the Ming Dynasty.
Great Hall of the People
The Great Hall of the People ( Chinese: 人民大会堂; pinyin: Rénmín Dàhuìtáng) is located at the western edge of Tiananmen Square, Beijing, People's Republic of China (PRC). It is used for legislative and ceremonial activities by the PRC and the Communist Party of China.
It functions as the meeting place of the full sessions of the National People's Congress (NPC), the Chinese parliament, which occurs every year during March along with the national session of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), a political advisory body. It is also the meeting place of the National Congress of the Communist Party of China, which, since 1982, has occurred once every five years.
The Great Hall is also used for many special events, including national level meetings of various social and political organizations, large anniversary celebrations, as well as the memorial services for former leaders.
The Tiananmen (Chinese: 天安门; pinyin: Tiān'ānmén), or Gate of Heavenly Peace, is a famous monument in Beijing, the capital of the People's Republic of China. It is widely used as a national symbol. First built during the Ming Dynasty in 1420, Tiananmen is often referred to as the front entrance to the Forbidden City. However, the Meridian Gate (午门) is the first entrance to the Forbidden City proper, while Tiananmen was the entrance to the Imperial City, within which the Forbidden City was located. Tiananmen is located to the north of Tiananmen Square, separated from the plaza by Chang'an Avenue.
Noodles with Soybean Paste
Zhajiangmian (炸酱面.Literally "fried sauce noodles") is a Chinese dish consisting ofthick wheatnoodlestopped with a mixture ofground porkstir-fried with zhajiang (炸醬), which is saltyfermentedsoybean paste.It is very popularwhen it comes to traditional Beijing cuisine. Zha Jiang Mian consists of threemain materials. They are wide hand-tossed noodles, vegetable pieces as well aspork. Local Beijing people, especially elder ones like to eat hot noodles inthe cold days and to eat cold noodles in hot weather. According to differentseasons, vegetable pieces are served in various types but always no less thanseven kinds.
There is simply quite nothing like a perfectly roasted duck with bronzedcrispy skin and tender, succulent meat. It is said that there are two thingsthat you must do when visiting Beijing: One is to enjoy the roast duck and theother is to take a stroll on the Great Wall. There are literally dozens ofrestaurants that serve this famous dish, but perhaps the best known one isQuanjude (全聚德).
Quanjude (全聚德) is the most famous restaurantfor Peking Duck and is a national chain.
Beijing is also known for its mutton hotpot (涮羊肉), which originally came from theManchu people and emphasizes mutton over other meats. Like variations of hotpot(general name火锅hu? guō) from elsewhere in China andJapan, hotpot is a cook-it-yourself affair in a steaming pot in the center ofthe table. Unlike Sichuan hotpot, mutton hotpot features a savory, non-spicybroth. If that's not exciting enough for you, you can also request a spicybroth (be aware that this is flaming red, filled with peppers, and not for theweak!). To play it safe and satisfy everyone, you can request a yuan-yang (鸳鸯yuānyáng) pot divided down in themiddle, with spicy broth on one side and regular broth on the other.
Rolling Donkey(驴打滚) refers to akind of traditional Beijing desert, also known in south area of China asRolling Horse (Ma Da Gun), with soft skin made of glutinous rice flour and thestuffed with red bean jam ,the cakes will be rolled in soybean flour beforebeing served, hence the name. The cake taste sweet and sticky with a strongfragrance of fried bean-flour.